February To Do List:

  • Clean up your garden! This includes debris, branches etc. 
  • Add a pop of colour to your containers or flower beds. We suggest spring flowering bulbs such as Daffodils, Hyacinth, Muscari or Tulips, Winter Heather, Hellebores, Primulas & Pansies.
  • Clean, oil and sharpen your pruners and gardening tools (We will be offering tool sharpening by donation February 19th-21st)
  • Apply Lime to lawns to help discourage moss growth. 
  • Prune select shrubs & perennials 
  • Apply Lime Sulphur and Dormant Oil spray to fruit trees and roses. This combats over-wintering insects and diseases. 
  • Direct sow & start select vegetable seeds indoors 
  • Prune & fertilize over-wintered annuals

What’s blooming?!

Camellia 1
Camellia
Witch Hazel
Witch Hazel
Sweet Box
Sweet Box

Pruning:

Deciduous/ Woody Shrubs

Remove any dead or diseased branches, open up the interior of shrubs by removing any criss-crossing or inward growing branches that will inhibit air circulation. Continue to improve shape by cutting back any desired branches to above a nice, strong bud. For best results, do not remove more than 1/3 of the plant. 
 

Raspberries

Now is the time to remove last years fruiting canes of summer bearing raspberries. These are normally a pale brown colour compared to the bright brown of the new canes. Tie the strongest new cane to a support structure for summer fruiting. Fall bearing raspberries should be completely cut down to ground level.
 

Gooseberries, Currants and Blueberries

Older plants benefit from some rejuvenation pruning by removing 1 or 2 of the oldest branches as close to the ground as possible. Remove any low branches that are touching the ground to discourage access from pests.
 

Herbaceous Perennials

These can now be pruned of their old foliage. Herbaceous grasses should be pruned towards the end of February.
 

Evergreen & Semi-evergreen Perennials

These can be cut down to above new growth. Be cautious with Lavender and other Woody types to make sure there is a sign of new growth (buds) beneath your cut. Ferns can be tidied up or cut back above new emerging fronds.
 

Lenten Rose or Hellebores orientalis

Remove last years leaves for aesthetics and to improve the show of buds & blooms
Vines – Summer blooming (type ‘C’) Clematis should be cut down to above the 2nd or 3rd strongest set of buds from the ground (approx. 1’)
 

Honeysuckle & WisteriaPrune to above the 3rd strongest bud on each branch.

After pruning, fertilize with an all-purpose fertilizer (such as 6-8-6) and mulch with an organic compost – we recommend MyGarden Compost or well composted manure. 
 
 

Dormant Sprays for Fruiting Trees & Shrubs:

Spray a lime sulphur /dormant oil solution after. This one spray is extremely effective at eliminating over wintering diseases and insects before they can start. Watch video below to learn more!
Seeds

Vegetable Seeds:

Start Indoors – Artichoke, Arugula, Asparagus, Leeks, Sweet Onions & Sesame
Direct Sow – Broad Beans, Claytonia, Corn Salad & Mustard
Direct Sow & Cover – Pac Choi, Radish & Spinach 

 

Over-Wintered Annuals:

If you successfully overwintered annuals such as Fuchsias and Geraniums in your garage, cool basement or greenhouse it’s time to look for signs of new growth along the stems. Fertilize with an all-purpose fertilizer and prune back to above the new stem growth. Move it into an area where it will receive adequate light but is protected from frost.